Roman Catholicism in the Philippines
The Catholic Church in the Philippines (Tagalog: Simbáhang Románo Katóliko sa Pilipinas; Spanish: Iglesia Romána Católica en las Islas Filipinas) is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome. With about 92% of the 90 million people (2009 estimate) who are Roman Catholic (approximately 85.9 million), the Philippines holds the distinction of being the third-largest Catholic nation in the world after Brazil and Mexico, as well as the only other predominantly Catholic nation in Asia aside from East Timor. The Roman Catholic primate of the Philippines is traditionally the archbishop of Manila. The current archbishop is Cardinal Gaudencio Rosales. His see is at the Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception in Intramuros, Manila.